There are scientists from all over the world trying to learn more about how The increase in the average temperature in the world affects the weather conditions. They say the probability is increasing that climate change is making weather events more intense, more frequent, or longer lasting.
this increase in temperature during heat waves and adding a certain percentage of rain to heavy storms. It can also cause weather events to occur at times or places where they have usually occurred in the past.
But what causes climate change? Why is global temperature rising? And the culprit is climate warming for wild weather events? Here is some basic information:
What does climate change mean?
What you see outside the window is the weather. Climate is what happens in an area over years or decades. Climate change is the observed difference in long-term trends and long-term weather patterns in air, water, and ocean temperatures..
Monitoring stations around the world are increasing the number of data showing how temperature and precipitation are changing. Some have decades of measurements and some more than a century of data. They celebrated their debut in Japan the cherry tree is blooming More than 1200 years.
Scientists use these historical records to study the rise in global average temperatures. For example, the notes show how sap rises earlier in birch trees gold when there are wildfire seasons start earlier. They know that warmer temperatures delay ice formation in the Great Lakes, and warmer water temperatures provide fuel more lake effect snow.
Definitions:Is climate change the same as global warming?
EFFECTS:How climate change disrupts our daily lives and causes disasters.
What is the most important cause of climate change?
The biggest impact on the planet’s changing climate According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, it is the release of waste into the atmosphere from burning oil, gas and coal to move people and goods from one place to another and to create energy.
How it works:
- Carbon dioxide and other natural gases have always existed keeping the world warm in the atmosphere like a greenhouse keeps tropical plants alive in winter. Scientists see the “greenhouse effect” in ice cores, sediments and tree rings.
- Modern measurements show that CO2 emissions are increasing. Since 1958, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii have risen from 316 parts per million to 417 parts per million.
- A change measured in such small amounts may seem small. But since CO2 has increased by more than 30%, say NASA and others changes have a major impact on the global average temperature.
- How national and international studies are documented excess carbon dioxide captures excess energy and causing the planet to warm faster.
If CO2 doubles pre-industrial levels, the project the latest National Climate Assessment global temperatures could rise 4.5 to 7.2 degrees Celsius, causing deadly heat waves, crop damage and other cascading effects worldwide.
What are other causes of climate change?
- Manufacturing, mining and deforestation.
- The release of methane and nitrous oxide also contributes to the greenhouse effect.
- The El Niño Southern Oscillation, a pattern of changes in water temperature in the Pacific Ocean, can change weather patterns.
- Volcanic eruptions can produce Earth-warming carbon dioxide emissions as well as cooling aerosol particles.
How to stop climate change
But what can be done to avoid the predicted dire consequences if emissions and temperatures continue to rise?
Scientists at the United Nations and governments around the world say fossil fuel emissions must be reduced and stopped soon to avoid “catastrophic consequences.” The world needs to reduce CO2 emissions to “net zero” by 2050 to keep global average temperatures from rising by 2.7 degrees above the late 1800s. recent climate assessment.
The world cannot reduce all emissions, so it reaches net zero emissions requires the removal of carbon dioxide from the air by both natural and mechanical means, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reported. This includes measures such as the conservation and protection of carbon-storing forests and wetlands, and the development of technologies that can effectively absorb carbon from the air.
Other methods recommended by the UN and others include living a lower-carbon lifestyle and increasing the use of renewable energy resources.
Even if the world reaches net zero emissions, the national climate assessment says some of the warming already underway will not be able to be stopped.
Dinah Voyles Pulver covers climate and environmental issues for USA TODAY. He can be reached at email@example.com or @dinahvp on Twitter.
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