NASA’s ambitious Artemis 1 satellite mission will return to the pad one last time before launch.
The Artemis 1 The stack will travel about 4 miles (6.4 kilometers) from Kennedy Space Center’s Vehicle Assembly Building to Complex 39B for launch in August. 18, NASA confirmed on Friday (August 5). The launch will keep Artemis 1 on track for a week-long uncrewed trip around the moon. August 29.
Artemis will put 1 Space launch system (SLS) megarocket and Orion spacecraft At their pace to ensure the reliability of astronauts making a similar trip a few years later – some of them making it all the way to the surface of the Moon if NASA’s plans come to fruition.
An upcoming presentation is being watched intensive system certifications and more than a decade of planning.
“Our teams have been working hard for a very, very long time to get to this point,” said Rick LaBrode, Artemis 1 chief at NASA’s Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, during a live briefing on Friday. The mission, he added, “is very special. We are very excited.”
Artemis 1 will mark the first launch for SLS and the second launch for Orion, which entered Earth orbit in 2014. If all goes according to plan in August. 29, SLS will cross the atmosphere to reach orbit in just 8.5 minutes. The giant rocket’s upper stage will launch Orion into a translunar injection orbit about 80 to 90 minutes after liftoff.
These phases will fill 42 days of activity in space for Orion, assuming an August liftoff. 29. (Mission time varies slightly depending on start date.)
“We really haven’t had time to catch our breath. We’ve really hit the ground running,” said Judd Frieling, Artemis 1’s launch and entry flight director at ASC.
As Orion flies toward the moon, the SLS upper stage will be tasked with deployment cubes for the moon and other sciences while pushing itself into orbit around the sun.
Orion will target a moon retrograde orbit. It will remain there for a few weeks, then receive a gravitational boost from the Moon to return to Earth.
The spacecraft Artemis 1 has three primary objectives, each designed to demonstrate endurance. Mission team members want Orion to demonstrate that it can safely return from Earth’s atmosphere, operate consistently in the “flight environment” from launch to bounce, and keep astronauts safely inside during a search after returning home.
Educational activities such as taking selfies of the solar panels (as Orion’s data transfer rates allow from deep space) will try to engage the public on the long journey.
For example: “When we reach the farthest point from any human-assessed spacecraft, Apollo vehicles are gone, we want to capture that in a public works event,” LaBrode said.
Orion will be the last major phase of the mission high-speed re-entry Through Earth’s atmosphere targeting the splash pad off the coast of San Diego. It will descend into the Pacific Ocean under parachutes and perform a “landing direction” maneuver to glide into the ocean waves at the correct angle before arrival.
The vehicle’s power will remain on for about two hours to test how well Orion keeps the astronauts cool. A US Navy ship will then retrieve the spacecraft from the water to rescue Orion, NASA officials said.
After the mission, there will be months of analysis to ensure SLS and Orion are truly ready to carry people. The current schedule calls for Artemis 2 to lift a crew into lunar orbit in 2024, followed by Artemis 3, the first human lunar landing mission, since then. Apollo 17 Landing in 1972, no later than 2025.